The international "4 per 1000" Initiative

Soils for Food Security and Climate

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COP 28 UAE – The international “4 for 1000” Initiative participated in 10 side events on the sidelines of the COP

During COP28 which was held in Dubai (United Arab Emirates) from November 30th to December 13th, 2023, the international “4 per 1000” Initiative participated in 10 side events between December 5 and 10, including 8 organized or co-organized by its Executive Secretariat.

@ December 5th, 2023 – 9h00 to 10h15: “Healthy soils for land and climate”
– UNCCD COP28 Land and Drought Pavilion

This event was co-organized by Jean Luc Chotte – IRD, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, the French Scientific Committee on Desertification (CSFD), CIRAD and the international “4 per 1000” Initiative.

Two questions were raised during the event:

  • How do you feel healthy soils could contribute to achieving Land Degradation Neutrality and climate neutrality?
  • How could we fill the nature-based solutions for DRR knowledge gap to support policymakers in their efforts to incentivize sustainable land management, making healthy soils a resilience enhancer to reduce the impacts of hazards and to better adapt?

With:

  • Jean-Luc Chotte, IRD and Baron Orr, UNCCD as moderators

Speakers:

  • Jérôme Tondoh, Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Board of the “Abidjan Legacy Program”, Associate Professor of Ecology and Sustainable Land Management at Nangui Abrogoua University, Côte d’Ivoire
  • Ndeye Hélène Diallo-Diagne, soil scientist at the Institut sénégalais de recherche agricole in Senegal
  • Nabil Ben Khatra, Executive Secretary, Observatoire du Sahara et du Sahel (OSS), Tunisia
  • Oscar Ortiz, Director General, Cropping Systems, CGIAR
  • Mamadou Baro, Director and Professor, Office of Applied Anthropological Research, University of Arizona, USA
  • Mabel Nechia Wantim, PhD student and coordinator of “Disaster Risk Management Cameroon, University of Buea”, Cameroon
  • Irungu Mary Munyutha Pelum, Policy and Advocacy Programme Officer, Kenya

@ December 5th, 2023 – 9h00 to 10h30: “The need for MRV [Monitoring, Reporting & Verification] tools for Policy makers, Farmers, Businesses and Civil Society to assess value chains and report to consumers”
– Save Soil Pavilion (Blue Zone)

This event was organized by the International “4 per 1000” Initiative.

Measuring and validating farmland and soil health is not an easy processfor all stakeholdersfrom farm to fork. Policy makers have to get access to reliable data to determine their policy orientations, farmers need to have access to affordable and reliable information to confirm or change their technical choices in the fields, investorsand businesses have to report on their impacts (value chains and own processes) in terms of emissions and storage (not talking about carbon credit buyers) and civil society, including consumers, must be provided with reliable and regular information to guide their lifestyle choices.

All stakeholders have interests in MRV tools, reliable and at an accessible cost.

A 1h30 (90 min) format with a roundtable involving 6 speakers mixing scientists, technologies providers and users.

Speakers:

  • Dr Paul Luu, Executive Secretary of the international “4 per 1000” Initiative, Moderator
  • Dr. Beverley Henry and Dr. Budiman Minasny, Co-Chair and Member of the Scientific and Technical Committee of the “4 per 1000” Initiative
  • Mr. R.K. Warrier, Programme Director & Regional Director, BAIF Development Research Foundation
  • Mrs. Sandrine Sommer, Chief sustainability officer, Moët Henessy
  • Mr. John Mullins, Executive Chairman, Amarenco
  • Mrs. Adrienne de Malleray, Co-founder, Genesis
  • Mr. Bradford M. Willis, Soil in Formation
  • Dr JK Ladha, Digital Green
  • Dr.Ananya Rao, UNESCO and Heartfulness Institute, to conclude and wrap up the side-event

@ December 5th, 2023 – 11h to 12h30: “Soil carbon and small holder possibilities, maximizing community driven solutions and minimizing damages
– Sri Lanka Pavilion

This event was co-organized by the international “4 for 1000” Initiative, LOAM and FIAN Sri Lanka.

Improving soil health in agriculture can provide concrete solutions to the challenges posed by climate change, food insecurity and poverty.

To improve soil health, a change of mind-set, knowledge and practices is crucial. Nevertheless, access to scientific and traditional knowledge, as well as to adapted machinery and environmentally friendly inputs is often limited in smallholder settings.

An enabling environment at a political level, which recognizes the possibilities and needs of small-holder producers as well as the effective organization of small holders to share efforts and exchange knowledge is crucial to turn the cards.

A 1h30 (90 min) format with a roundtable involving 4 speakers mixing scientist, civil society representative, technologies provider and business.

Speakers:

  • Dr. Claudia Schepp, international “4 per 1000” Initiative, moderator
  • Dr. Adesola Olaleye, Member of the Scientific and Technical Committee, international “4 per 1000” Initiative (Keynote Speaker)
  • Dr. Paul Luu, Executive Secretary of the international “4 per 1000” Initiative
  • Dr. Lydie-Stella Koutika Member of the Scientific and Technical Committee, international “4 per 1000” Initiative
  • Mr. Thilak Kariyawasam, CEO, FIAN Sri Lanka
  • Mr Leel Randeni, Director of Climate Change, Ministry of Environment, Sri Lanka
  • Mr. Anirudh Keny, Director of Business Development, Boomitra
  • Dr. Jagdish Kumar Ladha, representing Digital Green
  • Dr. Farshad Amiraslani, Member of the Scientific and Technical Committee, international “4 per 1000” Initiative (wrapping up).

@ December 5th, 2023 – 14h to 15h: “Common Ground: Soil Health for Nature, People, and Climate”
– CA4SH Side-event – Food Systems Pavilion (Blue Zone)

The event aimed to delve into the fundamental importance of soil health as backbone for resilient food systems as well as climate and nature action.

It brought together diverse stakeholders from science, policy, development, conservation, and the private sector. It aimed to inspire and mobilise participants to champion soil-centric approaches, policies, and collection action.

Key themes:

  1. Identify the specific call to action and suggested commitments from each institutional and thematic perspective to scale soil health
  2. Understand the Soil-Climate-Nature-Food Nexus, highlighting the multiple benefits of soil health: mitigate and adapt to climate change, restore biodiversity, improve water resilience, enhance food security, and protect natural and cultural heritage
  3. Highlight stories for on-the-ground scaling of healthy soil practices
  4. Examine the role of policy frameworks and an enabling environment in promoting sustainable soil management, climate-resilient agriculture, and soil-centric agricultural policies.

Speakers:

  • – Dr Leigh Winowiecki, Global Research Lead for Soil and Land Health, CIFOR-ICRAF, Co-lead of CA4SH, moderator
  • Eliane Ubalijoro, PhD, CEO, CIFOR-ICRAF
  • Elizabeth Nsimadala, President, Eastern Africa Farmers Federation (EAFF)
  • Roland van der Vorst, Head of Innovation Rabobank & CEO Rabo Carbon Bank
  • Genna Tesdall, Director, Young Professionals for Agricultural Development (YPARD)
  • Paul Luu, Executive Secretary, international “4 per 1000” Initiative
  • Erica Johnson, Sustainability Affairs Officer, Agreena
  • Nikita Eriksen-Hamel, Deputy Director, Agriculture and Food Systems, Global Affairs Canada
  • Martina Fleckenstein, Global Policy Director, Food, WWF International
  • Naoufal Mahdar, Vice President, Climate Action & Decarbonization, OCP Group

@ December 5th, 2023 – 17h to 18h: “How to help farmers contribute to climate change through soil health regeneration?”
– Side-event organized by the international “4 per 1000” Initiative – IICA Pavilion (Blue Zone)

Since COP 21, agriculture, thanks to soil, has become an important part of the solutions to climate change. Régénérer la santé des sols grâce à des pratiques appropriées (agroécologie) est essentiel pour soutenir les agriculteurs de cette manière.

Thanks to testimonies of scientist, representative of farmers, start-up manager and agri-food company representative, panel has reviewed respective contributions of these for climate change mitigation, and how farmers, who are the ones doing the job in the fields, can be supported to implement the difficult work of storing carbon in soil.

A 1h00 (60 min) format with a roundtable involving 4 speakers mixing scientist, civil society representative, technologies provider and business.
Speakers:

  • Paul LUU, Initiative internationale “4 pour 1000”, moderator
  • Beata MADARI, EmBrapa
  • Gabrielle BASTIEN, Regeneration Canada – voice of farmer
  • Adrienne de MALLERAY, GENESIS
  • Sandrine SOMMER, Moët-Hennessy

@ December 8th, 2023 – 9h30 to 11h: “Soil Health : the champion to sustain inclusive development”
– French Pavilion (Blue zone)

The event co-organized by the IRD, Cirad and the international “4 per 1000” Initiative, made it possible to share points of view and feedback from different actors around the improvement of soil health, with a dual objective of increasing agricultural productivity and capacities carbon sequestration in soils.

This event directly addressed the issues of “climate”, “biodiversity” and “food security”, issues which are intrinsically linked. This event was based on a policy brief written and shared ahead of COP28 by the co-organizers.

Speakers:

  • Dr Paul LUU, Executive Secretary of the international “4 per 1000” Initiative, moderator
  • Dr Ndeye Hélène DIALLO DIAGNE, Senegalese Institute of Agricultural Research, Member of the Bureau of the international “4 per 1000” Initiative
  • Oliver OLIVEROS, Agroecology Coalition
  • Dr. Ebagnerin Jérôme Tondoh, Nangui Abrogoua University
  • Dr Isabel Drigo, IMAFLORA (Institute of Agricultural and Forest Management and Certificatio)

Summary of key messages and complements:

  • Dr Jean-Luc CHOTTE, IRD
  • Dr Vincent BLANFORD, CIRAD

@ December 8th, 2023 – 11h to 12h30: “Easing Carbon Market access for Farmers”
– Side event organized by Save Soil and moderated by the international “4 per 1000” Initiative. Save Soil Pavilion (Blue Zone)

It’s not a secret that accessing carbon markets is challenging for many farmers.

The existing paradigm requires highly skilled individuals to support developing, registering, validating and auditing a project.

What is the true cost for farmers in engaging in these services, how sustainable are they and what could alternatives be?

Speakers:

  • Claudia Schepp, Executive Secretariat of the international “4 per 1000” Initiative, moderator
  • Josh Knauer, co-founder of ReSeed and a former Obama administration advisor on science and technology
  • Sai Kishore Nellore, Climate Action Manager at Olam Agri & Olam Group

During the event, Josh Knauer gave insights into their standards, and how ReSeed remunerates farmers already after the first year in order to help them finance the transition. This includes not only carbon sequestration but also the safeguarding of carbon in the soil.

Both speakers stressed the importance of transparency and of enabling carbon trading of soil carbon credits between countries (related to Article 6).

Both also stressed the importance of farmers being the main beneficiaries of carbon credits and the need for the consideration of co-benefits in payment schemes.

 

@ December 8th, 2023 – 12h15 to 13h15: “Storing carbon in overseas agricultural and forest soils. State of knowledge, levers of action for French overseas territories and regional cooperation”
– Pavillon de la Francophonie (Blue Zone)

This event was co-organized by the international “4 per 1000” Initiative, CIRAD and IRD.

Soils are at the heart of global issues and organic carbon (C) plays a major role in the fight against climate change by absorbing CO2 from the atmosphere. They are a reservoir of biodiversity and play a major role in food security (95% of our food depends directly on them). Storing organic carbon in soil contributes to their fertility, limiting their erosion and their capacity to retain water. Their sustainable management should make it possible to contribute to several of the United Nations SDGs including SDG 2 on zero hunger, SDG 13 on measures relating to the fight against climate change, and SDG 15 on conservation and restoration lands.

In the French overseas territories, soils are also at the heart of local and regional issues including climate change resilience, food autonomy, sustainable food which also fall under these objectives where overseas agricultural and forest soils occupy an important place.

All of this meets the ambition of the international Initiative “4 per 1000: soils for food security and the climate” launched during COP21 in Paris. The Initiative invites all stakeholders involved to implement concrete actions promoting the storage of Carbon in soils through the promotion of practices. This involves encouraging stakeholders to engage in a transition towards productive, highly resilient agriculture and forestry, promoting sustainable development because it is based on appropriate land and soil management, creating jobs and income.

A first “4 per 1000 France” study entitled “Storing 4 per 1000 of carbon in soils: the potential in France” (2019), looked at agricultural and forestry practices allowing Carbon to be stored in French soils. It was extended by the “4 per 1000 Overseas” study which provides an inventory of knowledge on carbon stocks and flows in the soils of the overseas departments and regions (DROM), territories which represent more than 15% of the surface area of France.

It thus enabled the identification of levers to be mobilized to promote the conservation of stocks and improve carbon storage, particularly in the soils of these territories. This inventory has the particular ambition of contributing to spaces for territorial and inter-territorial dialogue between science, politics and agricultural and forestry stakeholders, for the design of public policies or political decision-making.

The devices and knowledge acquired in French overseas territories are essential elements of the scientific collaboration of our research organizations with the countries of the South to respond to the international challenges of agriculture and development. This is particularly the case for the Caribbean island territories for the Antilles, the Indian Ocean/East Africa zone for Reunion and the Amazon for Guyana.

Speakers:

  • Dr Vincent Blanfort, Cirad Researcher – Climate Change Project Manager at Cirad
  • Dr Paul LUU, Executive Secretary of the international “4 per 1000” Initiative
  • Dr Marie HRABANSKI, Researcher in political sociology · CIRAD
  • Ms. Anaïs VALENCE, Ministry of Agriculture and Food Sovereignty – France
  • Dr Isabel DRIGO, IMAFLORA Manager Climate and Data Sciences
  • Professor Ricardo ABRAMOVAY, Department of Economics, University of São Paulo, Brazil

@ December 8th, 2023 – 15h to 16h30: “Healthy soils : game changers to meet food and climate goals within planetary boundaries”
– UNFCCC (Blue Zone)

This event was co-organized by the international “4 per 1000” Initiative, CIRAD and IRD.

Healthier soils are paramount to healthy ecosystems. They allow for better productivity, improved food quality and higher carbon sequestration.

Multiple stakeholders shared their vision on pathways to healthier soils to achieve food and climate goals, in diverse socio-economic contexts.

Speakers:

  • Jean Luc CHOTTE, IRD, moderator
  • Dr. Ndeye Hélène Diallo Diagne, Soil scientist, Senegalese Agricultural Research Institute
  • Dr. Kirit Shelat, Executive Chairman-NCCSD (National Council for Climate Change, Sustainable Development) ONG, Inde
  • Dr. Ebagnerin Jérôme Tondoh, president of the scientific council of the “Abidjan Heritage Program”, associate professor in ecology and sustainable land management at Nangui Abrogoua University in Ivory Coast
  • Dr. Kapildev Bahl, Expert, The Seaweed Initiative, Indian Center for Climate and Social Impact Research
  • Dr. Marie Hrabanski, researcher in political sociology at CIRAD
  • Dr. A. R. Pathak, Former Vice Chancelor, Junagadh Agricultural University, India
  • Dr. Paul LUU, Executive Secretariat of international “4 per 1000” Initiative

@ December 10th, 2023 – 16h to 17h: “Soil health: a key issue in the fight against climate change and improving agricultural productivity”
– Pavillon de la Francophonie (Blue Zone)

This event was co-organized by the international “4 per 1000” Initiative, Cirad and the IRD.

This event aimed to continue advocacy with local and international decision-makers for the consideration of soils in the fight against climate change and for food security.

By sharing expertise and experience, it aimed to convince and equip field stakeholders to improve soil health and productivity, in different socio-economic contexts.

Speakers:

  • Mr. Marc Fesneau, French Minister of Agriculture and Food Sovereignty
  • Dr Vincent Blanfort, Researcher, CIRAD, moderator
  • Ms. Gabrielle Bastien, international “4 per 1000” Initiative
  • Dr Cargele Masso, Environment and Biodiversity Director, CGIAR
  • Dr Ndeye Hélène Diallo Diagne, Researcher, Senegalese Institute of Agricultural Research